Though much of our modern medicine stems from ancient Greece, fossil records show that humans have been using plants as medicine for at least 60,000 years. It’s a trend that continues to this day, when plants and substances derived from them represent more than 50 percent of all drugs in clinical use.
The medicinal value of plants has been recognized by almost every society on this planet. Today, an estimated 50 percent of the world’s population continues to rely on herbs and minerals to restore »
Events of interest in the New York region Ongoing Mar 15-Sept 8 Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine Rubin Museum of Art, 150 W. 17 St. Adults $15.00; Seniors $10.00; Students 13+ $10.00; Members and children under 13 free Gallery admission free every Friday from 6-10 p.m. Jul 15-Sept 3 Deadly Medicine: Creating the…
Another article from the currently produced special issue of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C dedicated to psychical research is now online as a pre-print version on the journal website. In her analysis of letters on precognition to the British playwright Joseph Priestley, Katy Price (Queen Mary University, London) addresses the complicated relationship between the ‘paranormal’ and psychiatry.
TESTIMONIES OF PRECOGNITION AND ENCOUNTERS WITH PSYCHIATRY IN LETTERS TO J. B. PRI… »
Greek medical texts and their audience: perception, transmission, reception. A conference seeking to examine the interplay between Greek medical texts and their contemporary readers. Convened by Petros Bouras-Vallianatos (King’s College London) & Sophia Xenophontos (University of Glasgow). Hosted by the Centre for Hellenic Studies and sponsored by the A.G. Leventis Foundation & the Institute for Classical Studies.
The UK Faculty of Public Health will call for national food policy including sugar tax as concerns rise over vitamin deficiencies
Poverty is forcing people to have dangerously poor diets and is leading to the return of rickets and gout diseases of the Victorian age that affect bones and joints according the UK Faculty of Public Health.
The public health professionals’ body will call for a national food policy, including a sugar tax, as concerns rise over malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies in… »
Although both trained in nuclearphysics, Edward Bullard and Patrick Blackett enjoyed careers that, taken together,spanned the broad range of Earth sciences, including seismology, geomagnetism, marine geology, andplate tectonics.
As a prelude to articles published in this special issue, I briefly sketch changing historiographical conventions regarding the ‘occult’ in recent history of science and medicine scholarship. Next, a review of standard claims regarding psychical
The world ain’t what it used to be. Kids don’t read anymore. Its all the parents fault. Maybe. While history is still full of great stories, they are all trapped in dusty books. But that is about to change. Podcasting has given birth to the genre-bending works of a few intrepid historians. A new generation of storytellers trying to make the way we handle history a thing of the past.
Welcome to the Official Preston Sturges Website. Preston Sturges was one of America’s great filmmakers. He was the first Hollywood writer to direct his own script, and thus the credit "written and directed by" first appeared before his name in THE GREAT MCGINTY.
The Perceptions of Pregnancy blog, like the Researchers’ Network, aims to reach beyond boundaries and borders, and to facilitate an international and interdisciplinary conversation on pregnancy and its associated bodily and emotional experiences from the medieval to the modern. Today’s post on complaints against midwives in the nineteenth century is contributed by historian Megan Webber.
On the afternoon of 31 December 1804 —as an old year died away— Elizabeth Edwards struggled to bring forth n… »
In the fourth of eight articles from the upcoming Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C special issue on psychical research, Shannon Delorme (Oxford University) takes a closer look at one of the most vocal British 19th-century opponents of spiritualism and animal magnetism, the physiologist William B. Carpenter.
PHYSIOLOGY OR PSYCHIC POWERS? WILLIAM CARPENTER AND THE DEBATE OVER SPIRITUALISM IN VICTORIAN BRITAIN
Shannon Delorme, University of Oxford
William B. Carpenter… »
A posthumous diagnosis of the paralyzing mental malady that afflicted one of humanity’s greatest minds.
Charles Darwin was undoubtedly among the most significant thinkers humanity has ever produced. But he was also a man of peculiar mental habits, from his stringent daily routine to his despairingly despondent moods to his obsessive list of the pros and cons of marriage. Those, it turns out, may have been simply Darwin’s best adaptation strategy for controlling a malady that dominated his life, »
To those not engaged in the practice of scientific research, or telling the story of this enterprise, the image of empirical observation may conjure up images of boredom more than anything else. Yet surprisingly, the profoundly uninteresting nature of research to many science workers and readers in history has received little attention. This paper seeks to examine one moment of encroaching boredom: nineteenth-century positional astronomy as practised at leading observatories. Though possibly a …
Nineteenth-century Victorian scientific naturalists had a particular conception of scientific and social progress. In his “The Progress of Science 1837-1887″ (1887), Thomas Henry Huxley argued that a “revolution” had taken place, both politically and socially, in the modern world. In brief, scientific progress came with the adoption of a naturalistic approach to studying nature. Any other approach would count as an obstacle both to scientific and social progress. Similar sentiments were shared … »
Very excited to let you all know I will speaking at the upcoming Newton conference at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California! October 10 and 11 will have a score of Newton scholars focussing on “All in Pieces?” – New Insights into the Structure of Newton’s Thought.
My talk will centre around state of the art digital methods to gain insight in the order of all the drafts for the Chronology of Ancient Kingdom’s Amended.
The program can be found here: Newton Conference Brochure.
The Moon is at once a face with a thousand expressions and the archetypal planet. Throughout history it has been gazed upon by people of every culture in every walk of life. From early perceptions of the Moon as an abode of divine forces, humanity has in turn accepted the mathematized Moon of the Greeks, the naturalistic lunar portrait of Jan van Eyck, and the telescopic view of Galileo. Scott Montgomery has produced a richly detailed analysis of how the Moon has been visualized in Western cult…
Starlight was measured electrically for the first time at No 16 Earlsfort Terrace, and a plaque now marks the place. Before this historic experiment, it was a subjective judgment as to whether one star was brighter than another, making comparative studies difficult.Irish engineer Prof George Minchin, invented a device (a selenium cell) that produced a voltage when light was shone on it. On August 28th 1892, his friend Prof William Monck, an amateur astronomer living at Earlsfort Terrace, and TC…
On New Year’s Day 1886, London grocer Edwin Bartlett was discovered dead in his bed with a lethal quantity of liquid chloroform in his stomach. Strangely, his throat showed none of the burns that chloroform should have caused.
Anelasma squalicola – note small cirri & root-like filaments (from fig. 2 & 3, Pl. IV, Cirripedia by Charles Darwin. Source: Biodiversity Heritage Library/MBLWHOI Library)
The Natural History Museum of Denmark has just discovered a collection of barnacles sent by Charles Darwin to Japetus Steenstrup in 1854 as a thank you gift – a “very inadequate return” (Letter 1589, 7 Sept ) – for the many cirripede specimens that Steenstrup had sent him. Among these was one which turned out to be of t… »
Recently, the internet noticed a young designer who is building a breathtakingly detailed model of a Boeing 777 out of the stiff paper from which manila file folders are made. Another hero of mine, a computer programmer with a doctorate in mathematics, has spent the last twelve years creating a game of such detail and complexity that he will likely never finish it. I find something admirable about taking on a task, based only on personal interest, that is so huge and complex that one begins it … »
In a series of experiments between 1960 and 1965, Robert Geoffrey Edwards discovered how to make mammalian egg cells, or oocytes, mature outside of a female’s body. Edwards, working at several research institutions in the UK during this period, studied in vitro fertilization (IVF) methods.
The connections between science and civic culture in the Victorian period have been extensively, and intensively, investigated over the past several decades. Limited attention, however, has been paid to Irish urban contexts. Roman Catholic attitudes towards science in the nineteenth century have also been neglected beyond a rather restricted set of thinkers and topics. This paper is offered as a contribution to addressing these lacunae, and examines in detail the complexities involved in Cathol…
PubMed comprises more than 23 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Lavoisier, a meticulous experimenter, revolutionized chemistry by establishing the law of conservation of mass, determining that combustion and respiration are caused by chemical reactions with what he named “oxygen,” and helping systematize chemical nomenclature, among many other accomplishments.
In the Winter issue of the Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Peter Harrison considers the “Sentiments of Devotion and Experimental Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century England” (2014). In particular, he focuses on the sentiments of chemist, physicist, and natural philosopher, Robert Boyle (1627-1691). In his Disquisition concerning the Final Causes of Natural Things (1688), Boyle argued that studying nature will excite “true Sentiments both of Devotion and of particular Vertues.” That … »
by Helen McBride In a strangely prophetic report, the United Nations (UN) committee that monitors states’ compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights warned Ireland last month that its poor record on gender equality and on-going human rights injustices certainly would result in continued human rights abuses if strong measures to remedy this were not taken. Then, just last week, a case emerged that demonstrates how considerable these reproductive rights violations can »
Since writing my latest post (an insanely long time ago!), I delved into more ugly manuscripts and… I even found uglier specimens than the ones I commented on in that post… In fact, all I have been working on is pretty ugly. And yet it’s fascinating stuff! So I thought ‘Ugly Manuscripts’ deserved a ‘follow up’ post, even though I originally planned to write on totally different things, such as ancient prognostic, recent publications on ancient medicine, and the distant link between Galen and yo… »
Hwang Woo-suk, a geneticist in South Korea, claimed in Science magazine in 2004 and 2005 that he and a team of researchers had for the first time cloned a human embryo and that they had derived eleven stem cell lines from it. Hwang was a professor at Seoul National University in Seoul, South Korea. In the Science articles, Hwang stated that all of the women who donated eggs to his laboratory were volunteers who donated their eggs (oocytes) without receiving any compensation in return. In 2006, …