JF Ptak Science Books Post 2201–expanded
[Part of the Atomic and Nuclear Weapons series.]
I think no plumb line was ever so worked with pulleys and wheels, strings and catclaws and other Rube Goldberg devices as were the demographic studies of nuclear warfare. It is as though their compass rose had no compass, with everything centered on the center, no way out, no way in. just there. A faceless clock face describing “G-2 o’clock” whenever it pleased. These studies seem to me the nuclear … »
Continuing our theme of engines, this week’s pamphlet is Power without Fuel by James Baldwin, published in New York in 1869. In this pamphlet, Baldwin explains his attempts to design an engine that isn’t dependent on coal, wood, oil, gas, or other combustible fuel. His idea (he wasn’t the first to think of it) was a variation on the carbonic acid motor: an engine that would run on a solution of carbon dioxide in water. Engineers investigated carbonic acid engines as a possible replacement for… »
Fighting the Future War: An Anthology of Science Fiction War Stories, 1914-1945 [Frederic Krome] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. <P>The period between World War I and World War II was one of intense change. Everything was modernizing
Stephen Jay Gould studied snail fossils and worked at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts during the latter half of the twentieth century. He contributed to philosophical, historical, and scientific ideas in paleontology, evolutionary theory, and developmental biology.
Abena Dove Osseo-Asare’s wonderful new book is a thoughtful, provocative, and balanced account of the intersecting histories and practices of drug research in modern Ghana, South Africa, and Madagascar. Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa (University of Chicago Press, 2014) tells the stories of six plants, all sourced in African countries, that competing groups of plant specialists have tried to transform into pharmaceuticals since the 1880s. The leaves and roots and seeds of … »
Stephanie Stewart Bailey is raising funds for The Body Appropriate on Kickstarter! Gallery | Public Dissections | Events |A space in downtown San Francisco to reflect upon the less considered means of living & dying.
I’ve just returned from a great conference at the University of Exeter – the Landscape of Occupations – organised by the project on early-modern medical practice of which I’m a part. There were a great variety of papers and many different aspects of occupation, occupational titles and identities and a range of other factors relating to ‘work’ in early-modern Europe.
One of the papers I was struck by was given by Professor Laurinda Abreu of the Unviersity of Evora, Portugal. Her paper explored s… »
As a new exhibition opens at the Royal Observatory Greenwich, Heloise Finch-Boyer asks whether we should laugh at the history of science?
This Easter, Steampunks are taking over the Royal Observatory Greenwich showcasing fantastical inventions alongside real historic objects in an exhibition blurring the boundaries between art and science and fact and fiction.
Opening 10th April 2014, Longitude Punkd celebrates the madcap inventors, star-gazing astronomers and extremely elegant explorers of the… »
A review of Homoeopathic Families, Hindu Nation and the Legislating State: Making of a Vernacular Science, Bengal: 1866-1941, by Shinjini Das.
Homoeopathic Families, Hindu Nation and the Legislating State: Making of a Vernacular Science, Bengal: 1866-1941 by Shinjini Das is a fine work on the colonial career of homoeopathic medicine in Bengal. Framed within critical debates on South Asian historiography, this dissertation makes a valuable contribution to history of medicine. Das studies the pro… »
The last time I wrote on here was after a visit to Georgians Revealed at the British Library. I lauded the wonderful array of objects that they had on show, but also bemoaned the lack of any real inclusion of science in their rich display of eighteenth-century British culture.
Yesterday morning, those gripes were partially laid to rest by another stunning eighteenth-century exhibition that opens at the Queen’s Gallery at Buckingham Palace on Friday, and of which I was lucky enough to get a prev… »
Intervention de Christian Bonah (Université de Strasbourg)
In the service of industry and human health. The Bayer corporation, industrial film and promotional propaganda, 1934 to 1943
Lors de la sixième séance du séminaire “Approches et méthodes ST2S” qui aura lieu le mercredi 16 avril 2014 à 13h – Salle 2 rez-de-chaussée de l’Institut d’Anatomie – ancien hôpital civil (plan d’accès)
Dizhou Tong, also called Ti Chou Tung, studied marine animals and helped introduce and organize experimental embryology in China during the twentieth century. He introduced cellular nuclear transfer technology to the Chinese biological community, developed methods to clone organisms from many marine species, and investigated the role of cytoplasm in early development.
Thanks in no small part to votes cast by readers of Spitalfields Life in the Tower Hamlets People’s Plaques Scheme and to my great delight, I cast my eyes up yesterday in Commercial St to discover a metal plaque for Nicholas Culpeper had appeared upon the building at the corner of Puma Court, close to the site of Red Lion House where Culpeper lived, ran his clinic, tended his herb garden and wrote his English Herbal in the seventeenth century.
Culpeper translated medical books into English from »
Recently a friend asked me what early modern people did to combat migraines. From the seventeenth-century manuscript recipe books housed in the Wellcome Library it would appear that many early modern men and women afflicted with migraines, or ‘megrim’, favoured plasters and medicinal hats to relieve their pain. Some of these plasters were relatively simple mixtures…
Sloane’s birthday is rapidly approaching and April 16 just happens to coincide with a well-known History of Science/Medicine/Technology blog carnival. To celebrate Sloane’s birthday this year, I’ll be hosting Giants’ Shoulders #70. Huzzah! Please send in your blog post nominations by April 15 at the latest. You can send them directly to me at lisa […]
The US President’s Council on Bioethics was an organization headquartered in Washington D.C. that was chartered to advise then US President George W. Bush on ethical issues related to biomedical science and technology. In November 2001, US President George W.
Machines et inventions approuvées par l’Académie royale des sciences, depuis son établissement jusqu’à présent; avec leur description. Dessinées & publiées du consentement de l’Académie, par M. Gallon. Paris, G. Martin [etc.], 1735-77.
MERLIN catalog record. Recently restored through the Adopt a Book Program.
Brown Bag Lectures (BBLs) are a series of weekly, informal talks on the history of chemistry or related subjects, including the history and social studies of science, technology, and medicine. Based on original research (sometimes still in progress), these talks are given by local scholars for an audience of CHF staff and fellows and interested members of the public.
By Marieke Hendriksen Recently, I’ve been studying, amongst others, the works of a seventeenth-century Dutch bergwerker, freely translated a miner, or rather a mining specialist. Goossen van Vreeswijck (ca. 1626- after 1689) was an adventurous man, who worked in the … Continue reading →
(This is the annotated version of my new column for The Hindu Business Line’s magazine BLink, published on April 4, 2014. The image is a depiction of the Konark Sun temple from James Fergusson’s 1847 text Ancient Architecture in Hindoostan. )
That the Sun Temple of Konark once contained a giant lodestone magnet, which held the entire edifice together by its force — is a story often told. And in the telling, this tale becomes taller, whence idols in the sanctum sanctorum begin to levitate, and … »
by Adrienne Mayor (Wonders and Marvels contributor)
African slaves dug up some colossal teeth while working in a swampy field on Stono Plantation (North Carolina) in about 1725. The English botanist Mark Catesby visited Stono to view the amazing discovery. His hosts, the plantation owners, told him that the great molars were all that was left of a giant victim of Noah’s Flood from the Bible. At that time, that was the common explanation for all oversized fossils in Europe and the American colo… »
The circumstances surrounding the genesis and publication of Newton’s magnum opus, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, and the priority dispute concerning the origins of the concept of universal gravity are amongst the best documented in the history of science. Two of the main protagonists wrote down their version of the story in a series of letters that they exchanged, as the whole nasty affair was taking place. Their explanations are of necessity biased and unfortunately we don’t have »
“It is not more difficult to prove that Asiastic women have made good as Christian physicians. In India we point to Dr. Karmarkar and Dr. Joshi…” Since my original posting on three Indian women who attended the Women’s Medical College … Continue reading →
Today’s First Monday Library Chat takes us back to England to talk with Dr. Suzanne Paul, Medieval Manuscripts Specialist at Cambridge University Library. The University Library is the central library on Cambridge’s campus, used by members of all Cambridge colleges, … Continue reading →